When the level of melanin differs in the skin you will come across pigmentation. Melanin is the substance that protects our skin from harmful ultraviolet rays and gives color to your skin. When there is an over production of melanin, hyperpigmentation is caused where there will be dark spots on your skin. When there is lesser or no production of melanin, hypopigmentation is caused where you will see white spots on your skin. The causes for both differ.
Causes of pigmentation:
- Causes for Hyperpigmentation: Hyperpigmentation may be caused by various reasons such as:
A) Sun exposure
B) Hormonal changes
C) Acne scarring
D) Prescription drugs
E) Nutritional deficiency
F) Skin Cancer
G) Genetic factors
- Causes for Hypopigmentation: Hypopigmentation is generally associated with vitiligo. However, it may also occur due to:
Types of Skin Pigmentation:
- Freckles: When melanin gets concentrated in small clusters, freckles will be formed. They start darkening if exposed to too much sunlight. These are quite common with people who have light complexion. Those with red hair or light-colored hair also get freckles. These people should try to avoid exposure to sun as much as possible and if it is unavoidable it is good to use a sunscreen. This will help them protect their skin against the damaging effects of the UV rays.
- Age Spots / Liver Spots: These are associated with ageing or are caused by exposure to UV light. This condition is quite common with people over 40 when the skin loses its capacity to repair the damage that is caused by exposure to sun or UV rays. These are usually uneven patches of black or light brown and are seen on areas like backs, hands, face and arms.
- Birthmarks: These are those irregular blemishes that you may find on your baby’s skin at birth or a few days after birth. These can be:
A) Pigmented birthmarks: caused by excess production of melanocytes and may include Mongolian spots, café-au-lait spots and moles. They be dark brown or even blue in color
B) Vascular birthmarks: these are caused when there is a vascular abnormality in your skin. They include hemangiomas, port-wine stains or macular stains.
- Chloasma Faciei / Melasma: Women are more prone to melasma than men. These are associated with hormonal changes that might occur during pregnancy, menopause or while using contraceptive pills. They may increase when exposed to sunlight. You will find them on your forehead, nose, cheeks and lips.
- Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation: These occur due to inflammatory responses or increased melanin production. Inflammation may be caused open the occurrence of a trauma to the epidermal or dermal layer of your skin. Such cases include acne, skin injuries, allergies, infections, certain disorders or medications.
Treatments For Skin Pigmentation:
Sunscreens of SPF 30 or more should be applied to the affected areas before exposing them to the sunlight. The treatment that may be prescribed by your dermatologist may depend upon a number of things such as cause of your pigmentation, type of your pigmentation and its severity. A variety of treatments are available such as:
- Use of Topical antioxidants: Vitamin A and C are very much required to protect your skin cells and rebuild them. These treat pigmentation problems very well. They neutralize the free radicals, stimulate the production of collagen and increase the production of elastin.
- Use of alpha-hydroxy acid or AHA products: this will help in exfoliating the dead or hyperpigmented skin cells and stimulating the production of new cells. It also stimulates collagen production. However, whether it works for you or not can be decided only by your dermatologist.
- Facial treatments: These may help in improving your skin texture and color and reduce your fine lines, if you go for them on a regular basis. They will also stimulate your skin to produce more collagen and elastin.
- Laser: laser treatments may help in treating pigmentation problems in a safe and effective way. This will destroy the skin cells in the affected areas and help in the growth of new skin cells with extra collagen and elastin.
Our Experienced Team:
Dr. Rashmi is a well-known, qualified and experienced dermatologist based in Bangalore. She has treated many kinds of skin and hair problems and helped many people get rid of their worries permanently. You will find all the latest technology equipment in her clinic with state-of-the-art facilities. Her specialized team of professionals helps her in achieving all her objectives by taking every kind of precaution to avoid side effects during and after treatment.
Dr.Rashmi has vast experience in treating many cases of pigmentation in Bangalore. Most of her clients have been extremely happy with the results they have encountered. Therefore, they have recommended our services to many of their contacts, increasing the size of our dedicated clientele. You can even read a few reviews that have been written by some of these, on our testimonial page. This will give you firsthand information about the kind of service you can expect from us.
The pricing of treatment for pigmentation depends upon the type of treatment you go for, the fees that your doctor charges, the location of the clinic, your skin type, the cause of your pigmentation, the number of sessions you may need and so on. In order to know the exact amount that you may have to spend, you can call us and fix up an appointment with Dr. Rashmi to avail a free consultation session. This will help you understand all that there is to know about pigmentation treatments, find out the severity of your condition, check the kind of treatment that will help you and estimate the exact amount you may have to spend.Your satisfaction is always our top priority!